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Dating Stonehenge

Jerusalem Farm, Jerusalem Lane, Booth, Halifax, West Yorkshire

The Builders

Manor Farm, Daccombe, Newton Abbot, Devon

RULES OF SUCCESSION

The Mighty Spud

Sea Barn Farm Camping Park, Fleet, Weymouth, Dorset

Pig basics (part three)

New pigs (part four)

Mill Farm, Barton Road, Long Compton, Shipston-on-Stour, Warwickshire

Heavenly Hosts

Hadrian's Wall Campsite, Melkridge Tilery, nr Haltwhistle, Northumberland

"K" for kiosk (part fourth)

Hawkshead Hall Campsite, Hawkshead, Ambleside, Cumbria

Roadford Lake Campsite, Okehampton, Devon

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Stone handaxe
THIS small handaxe is one of the most beautiful in the British Museum. It is made from quartz with attractive amethyst banding, a difficult material from which to make tools because it is extremely hard. The toolmaker would have had to hit with considerable force and accuracy to remove flakes. Such a high degree of difficulty makes the thin, symmetrical shape of this piece a masterpiece of the toolmakers’ art.
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The BluestonesThe next phase began with the arrival of the Bluestones, somewhere around 2 400 BC. These stones, weighing up to four tonnes, were sacred to the Beaker people, so called for the distinctive pottery found in their graves. The Beakers were responsible for the stone stages of Stonehenge; they were in prehistory between 2 400 BC and 1 800 BC, a transitional people between the end of the New Stone Age and the beginning of the Bronze Age. They were travellers who sought metals, and the Preseli mountains of South Wales had special significance for them. These mountains, 130 miles from the monument site, were the source of the Bluestones, which came from ten sites within an area of a few kilometres. There is reason to suppose that some of them were erected in a circle elsewhere, either in Wales or on Salisbury Plain, before their final resting place was reached.

The HengeA henge has two meanings; in the archaeological sense it is a bank and ditch enclosure, found only in Britain. The German word “hengen” means a gallows or a hanging place. In both of these contexts Stonehenge qualifies. The first stage, some five millenia ago was a bank and ditch enclosure, and the great Sarsen Circle, called in legend “The Giant's Dance” resembles a stone gallows. Sometime between 3 000 BC and 2 800 BC the first stage of the monument began. It was a great, circular bank, six feet high with an opening in the direction of the sunrise. The ditch, unique in a henge enclosure, was outside the bank. It may have had practical rather than ritual significance, and its purpose solely that of a quarry for the chalk mound.
The Stonehenge StoryTo appreciate Stonehenge properly it needs to be approached leaving the twentieth century and its modern expectations behind, and viewed through the eyes of our imagination.