,




 II

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  ( )

      -

  (,  ,  )

 II   II (1660-1688)

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       2013

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Ca "epaopa" opo A, e pooeoc  aa e, a  o

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The Economist aa Maecep  opoo pa e  oop pa

Maecep (Manchester) coa aa opoo . Koeo, e Maecepa a a o o, o eep o pao oao. Maecep oepe o ae oo, pe, ep ce pe opoa cpa.
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Kpaa aoo: o-10 cax oacx  eoacx opoo Beopa


B o pe a eoope pao Coeeoo Kopoeca ec eee oa aooe, px opoax cpa co a oo ae e apa.
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Ca "epaopa" opo A, e pooeoc  aa e, a  o

Coo-o-Tc (Stockton-on-Tees), ape, ec opoo c ae poe coco opo pooeoc o ce A. epeco, o o e opoe oao paoe, oop axoc ceo pex oepax o eoo, pooeoc a 18 e oe.
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oo Maecep oo aaco a a ca, ec o Brexit e e aea cea

Bac ooo Maecepa (Greater Manchester) paoa a ao "" a ca, ec Beopa e Epoecoo coa, e a a-o ce c pccee (Brussel).
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.
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ooa  pa: cpaa  ae o peaoo ooe, a a e ee opae poe oacoc

B eoopx acx A ee opae poe ooo oacoc, a ee o-ocoa cpa oae ca o e oo oa.
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 :

o a poe ce (Leeds) coa oo, o a e o ac, ao pao ox aoe. Oao e ce ee axoc oacoc, ooo, ae oe, e pee, a a co aae a x eoc.
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.
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ooa  pa: poec op Kpc oce epeo cpa  oe cee ee

ee ape oe ac ea oe - co pepea, o pae o oee eepap.