,
Random
William and Mary, and Anne (1689 - 1714)

Modern-day tea drinking (part two)

Pindale Farm, Pindale Road, Hope, Hope Valley, Derbyshire

George I and George II (1714 - 1760)

Downshay Farm, Haycrafts Lane, Swanage, Dorset

Asking the Way

Heavenly Hosts

Maelcombe House, East Prawle, Kingsbridge, Devon

Alfred the Great (871-99)

Sense of Humour

Heaven Farm, Furners Green, Uckfield, East Sussex

The early stone phase

Deepdale Camping, Deepdale Farm, Burnham Deepdale, Norfolk

Rivendale Caravan Park, Buxton Road, Alsop-en-le-Dale, Ashbourne, Derbyshire

Arrival

News from our friends
Stone handaxe
THIS small handaxe is one of the most beautiful in the British Museum. It is made from quartz with attractive amethyst banding, a difficult material from which to make tools because it is extremely hard. The toolmaker would have had to hit with considerable force and accuracy to remove flakes. Such a high degree of difficulty makes the thin, symmetrical shape of this piece a masterpiece of the toolmakers’ art.
Most Popular
Into the futureElizabeth II HAS REIGNED in a world moving swiftly thro...
Elizabeth II (1952 - )Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born at 17 Bruton...
Edward VIII and George VI (1936 - 1952)Edward VIII (1936) Edward, Prince of Wales, eldest son ...
George V (1910 - 1936)Edward vii's eldest son Albert died at the age of 2...
House of WindsorWhen Queen Victoria died in 1901, she left three genera...
Edward VII (1901 - 1910)Edward VII ('BERTIE' to his family) was born in...
A Queen in mourning  (1861 - 1901)Two days after Albert's death, Victoria wrote to he...
The Royal familyAs Victoria and Albert's nine children grew up and ...
Advertisement
Barrow Types
 (голосов: 0)
Barrow Types


Within the Stonehenge landscape the most numerous and spectacular prehistoric monuments are undoubtedly the great groups of round barrows. These are Bronze-Age burial mounds of a wide variety of shapes and sizes, dating from the time when Stonehenge was being rebuilt in stone.

Unlike the earlier, Neolithic long barrows that contain groups of burials, each Bronze-Age round barrow was the tomb of an individual. Their remains were either buried or cremated and they were accompanied to the next world with a wide variety of personal possessions, including pottery vessels, tools of stone, bone or bronze, and ornaments of exotic materials such as jet, amber and gold.

When first built, the gleaming white chalk mounds of these barrows would have been highly visible in the landscape, especially when positioned on prominent ridges and hills. Many of the fine barrow groups that surround Stonehenge lie on National Trust open access land.


Barrow Types

Each Bronze-Age round barrow was the tomb of an individual, accompanied to the next world with personal possessions, including ornaments of exotic materials such as jet, amber and gold.

1. Bowl barrows can vary in size considerably. They have a mound usually surrounded by a ditch.
2. Bell barrows have a flat or slightly sloping area separating the mound and the surrounding ditch.
3. Disc barrows have a small mound lying within a flat circular area surrounded by a ditch and an external bank.
4. Saucer barrows have a low mound surrounded by a ditch and external bank.
5. Pond barrows, an extremely rare form, have a shallow circular hollow surrounded by a low bank.

The barrow groups

The great concentration of Bronze-Age round barrows around Stonehenge attracted the attention of antiquaries and pioneering archaeologists. In the early years of the XIX century hundreds of barrows were excavated by William Cunnington, a self-taught archaeologist working under the patronage of Sir Richard Colt Hoare, a wealthy Wiltshire landowner. Their digging methods seem crude by today’s standards. Experience taught them that each barrow had a central burial, so a hole was dug straight down until the burial was found. They did identify different types of barrow, and recorded in some detail what they found while digging. They also mapped the landscape – the area that Colt Hoare called the Stonehenge Environs – and gave names that are still used today to many of the barrow groups.

They published their findings promptly, illustrated with detailed engravings, and were fascinated by the objects that had been placed in the grave – the pottery vessels, the weapons and tools of bronze and the ornaments and jewellery of bone, gold, jet and amber. The human remains were of no interest and were replaced in the grave. The only barrows to escape the attentions of Colt Hoare and Cunnington were the King Barrows, on the ridge to the east of Stonehenge. These had trees growing on them at the time and the landowner was not willing to cut them down, so these are the only barrows in the immediate landscape around Stonehenge to retail their burials intact.


Информация
Посетители, находящиеся в группе Гости, не могут оставлять комментарии к данной публикации.